1765 - 1776
The Stamp Act March 22, 1765 - This was the first direct British tax on the colonists. It lead to mayhem in the colonies. All this was to be a major cause of the Revolution: taxation without representation. This act forced colonists to buy a British stamp for every official document they had. The stamp had a Tudor rose that was framed with "American" and "Honi soit qui mal y pense". This means "Shame to him who thinks evil of it'. http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/colonial-times-1765-1776
The Quartering Act May 15, 1765 - The Grenville government built up British troop strength in colonial North America at the end of the French and Indian War to protect the colonies against threats posed by remaining Frenchmen and Indians.
In 1765, Parliament passed the Quartering Act to address the practical concerns of such a troop deployment. Under the terms of this legislation, each colonial assembly was directed to provide for the basic needs of soldiers stationed within its borders. Specified items included bedding, cooking utensils, firewood, beer or cider and candles. This law was expanded in 1766 and required the assemblies to billet soldiers in taverns and unoccupied houses. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/quartering_act_165.asp
Patrick Henry’s Historical Speech Against the Stamp Act May 29, 1765 - This was called the
Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions. Patrick Henry was a member of the House of Burgesses. Going
against Parliament, he proposed seven resolutions against the Stamp Act. Not all were passed at
all or right away. Five of the resolves were passed by the House of Burgesses by May 30.
Parliament Repeals The Stamp Act March 18, 1766 - Some members of Parliament wanted the army to help enforce the Stamp Act. Others thought the colonists were brave to resist the tax since they were not represented. The British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act. http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/colonial-times-1765-1776
The Townshend Act Sept. 20, 1767 - Was originated by Charles Townshend and passed by the English Parliament. To help the government with its expenses, the Townshend act was passed, which collected income from colonists by putting taxes on imported glass, lead, paint, paper, tea, etc. http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/colonial-times-1765-1776
The Boston Massacre Mar 5, 1770 - The tensions between the colonists and the British led
up to the Boston Massacre. Troops arrived in Boston and conflict arose. A few soldiers
opened fire, killed three, and wounded two. It was a violent uprising. The soldiers were tried
for murder, but were just blamed for lesser crimes.
Parliament Repeals The Townshend Act Apr 12, 1770 - The colonists were boycotting against British goods, so the profit was low. They needed to make more money, so Parliament decided to take away all the taxes except for the taxes on tea. http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/colonial-times-1765-1776
The Boston Tea Party Dec. 16, 1773 - The colonists did not like the tax on tea and
other goods. One night a group of Boston colonists dressed up as Indians. When
they got to one of the tea boats, they threw barrels of tea off the ship into the
water. They dressed up so the Indians would be blamed. .
The Coercive Acts May 20, 1774 - The Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) were a set of acts to mainly punish Massachusetts after the Boston Tea Party. These were the Boston Port Bill, Administration of Justice Act, and the Massachusetts Government Act. They banned unloading/loading of ships in the Boston harbor, offered protection to royal officials in Massachusetts, and put the election of most gov. officials under British rule.
The Quartering Act Jun. 2, 1774 - Parliament added on to the Quartering Act by stating
that British troops could now be quartered in any occupied home. The colonists did not
have as much freedom anymore.
The First Continental Congress Sept. 5, 1774 - This meeting took place in Philadelphia. Fifty-
six delegates from 12 of the 13 colonies attended the First Continental Congress. There were no
delegates for Georgia. The First Continental Congress set up a system called Association of
1774. The Association was to persuade colonists to not use British goods, and form groups that
would spread the word.
The Battle of Lexington & Concord April 19, 1775 - Shots are fired at the Battle of Lexington.
The Battle of Concord where weapons depot destroyed. "Minute Men" force British troops back
to Boston. George Washington takes command of the Continental Army and the Revolutionary
War begins on April 19, 1775.
The Second Continental Congress May 10, 1775 - This took place in Philadelphia. While the Redcoats were storming Boston, the Second Continental Congress was taking place. Their big question was how to face the military threat of the British. They agreed to create the Continental Army, make Washington the supreme commander, and print paper money to pay for supplies. John Hancock was elected the president of the Congress. On July 5th, they adopted the Olive Branch Petition. http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/colonial-times-1765-1776
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga May 10, 1775 - Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold lead the Capture of Fort Ticonderoga in New York which contains weapons. Once the Americans laid hold of the fort, they guessed that things could only go uphill from there. Not only was Fort Ticonderoga a great source of waterway transportation, but it also held much ammunition and many cannons that the Americans would need to be rid of the British for good. Unfortunately, the Americans did not hold Ticonderoga for long.
The Battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775 - On June 17, 1775, early in the Revolutionary
War (1775-83), the British defeated the Americans at the Battle of Bunker Hill in
Massachusetts. Despite their loss, the inexperienced colonial forces inflicted significant
casualties against the enemy, and the battle provided them with an important
confidence boost. Although commonly referred to as the Battle of Bunker Hill, most of
the fighting occurred on nearby Breed’s Hill.
George Washington Commands the Continental Army Jul. 3, 1775 - At Cambridge, Massachusetts, George Washington takes command of the Continental Army which now has about 17,000 men. http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/revwar-75.htm
The Olive Branch Petition Jul. 8, 1775 - On July 8th, the Olive Branch Petition was sent to King George III. It declared their loyalty to him, and their wishes to reestablish a relationship and prevent more fightings/disagreements between colonies. The King rejected their petition four months later. He said that the colonies were in rebellion. http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/colonial-times-1765-1776
Congress Declares Independence Jul. 4, 1776 - A committee was appointed to draft a
declaration of independence. Thomas Jefferson wrote the final document. On July 2nd,
Congress voted for approval of independence. On July 4th, the Declaration of
Independence was approved. It was signed by the delegates from each colony. The most
popular signature is the one of John Hancock. Copies of the finished document were sent
to each colony for them to be read publicly.